Posted: 17 September 2016, 11:00 a.m. EDT
Panelists: Moderator retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Larry James, deputy director, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Pascale Ehrenfreund, chair of the executive board, DLR; Jean Pascal Le Franc, deputy director for programming and international, CNES; Hiro Iwamoto, director of the Washington, D.C. office, Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency; Mangesh Sannala, counselor (space), Indian Embassy to the United States, and senior engineer, ISRO Satellite Center
by Duane Hyland, AIAA web editor
As global interest in the use and exploration for space grows, international cooperation and coordination are becoming more and more important, according to a panel of experts speaking Sept. 15 at AIAA SPACE 2016 in Long Beach, California.
Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Larry James, deputy director of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, kicked off the “Global Perspectives” forum by pointing out that activity in space is growing increasingly private and commercial in nature. He said the space budgets of the United States and all other space-faring nations combined only account for 28 percent of the total global expenditures on space exploration and use.
However, James said, there will be more launches. He explained that, according to projections done by the Teal Group, 5,095 payloads valued at a total of $245 billion will launch through 2035.
“Right now, we are in the middle of a space renaissance,” James said.
The panelists all urged that global cooperation is the key to the successful use of space and noted that their respective agencies are deeply involved with other nations in exploration initiatives.
Panel moderator, retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Larry James, deputy director, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, introduces the participants in the panel discussion, "Global Perspectives," on Thursday, 14 September, at AIAA SPACE 2016, taking place 13–16 September 2016, in Long Beach, CA.
Pascale Ehrenfreund, chair of the executive board at DLR, said the German organization cooperates with the “U.S., Russia, France, Japan and the Netherlands, as well as over 400 partner organizations in 160 nations around the world.”
Panelists noted that the United States is better positioned to capitalize on the new boom in commercial and private space initiatives. Ehrenfreund explained that private space initiatives in Europe have to work twice as hard as American ones to find funding and support.
Missions that will involve asteroid recovery, lunar basing and Mars exploration will all require international cooperation, the panelists said.
Mangesh Sannala, counselor (space) for the Indian Embassy to the United States and senior engineer with the ISRO Satellite Center, reminded the audience, however, that space goals have to focus not only on the big exploration projects and national goals, but also on improving life for humans on Earth.
“Long-term sustainability of outer space is dependent on international cooperation,” Sannala said. “We should compete, coordinate, cooperate, complement.”
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